As a dominant factor, war, conflict, invasion and occupation during last four decades has significantly hampered the social and economic development of Afghanistan. The factors make Afghanistan 169th of the poorest county in the world and according to UNDP’s human development index it’s the poorest country in Asia i.e. after 20 years of international assistance with billions of dollars in aid Afghanistan is still in state of social, economic and political chaos and an intense need is sought for viable, sustainable social and economic development.

OCHR social development side of efforts comprise of gender equality, human rights, peace building and civil society strengthening. Market economy, private sector advancement, and sustainable economic resources are the components of economic development efforts for marginalized and vulnerable communities of Afghanistan.